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victorian house characteristics

Victorian homes boast of distinctively designed windows that come in various shapes and sizes. The pastel, Mediterranean or beach colors that are common with Victorian homes are rare for most other styles (except perhaps for tropical or beach homes). One of the most dramatic of all the Victorian era styles is the Richardsonian Romanesque. This was the time when industrialization introduced many new architectural innovations. The stickwork has no structural import but serves to create a decorative appearance that belies the otherwise simple nature of its design. Castle-like Detail. Article first published on Houzz. It later spread to the west and gained some traction in Oklahoma before diminishing in popularity at the turn of the 20th century. Most Victorian houses are narrow, which allowed these impressive beauties to be built on a small amount of land. Despite it’s somewhat misleading name, architects of the shingle style would as often use brick or clapboard on the exteriors of their buildings as they would shingle. Typical Characteristics of Victorian houses. The architects of the Victorian era had the privilege of what few of their predecessors had: access to new technologies, affordable materials, improved availability and mass-transit. The Victorian era roughly corresponds to the time when Queen Victoria ruled Britain (1837 to 1901). The lower slope is steep enough to sometimes appear vertical. It’s not uncommon to see eyebrow windows with curved shapes in Victorian houses. This type of Victorian house originated in France, with some of the most famous hotels featuring the same architectural elements as the Second Empire homes. According to the Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission, other notable characteristics of a Second Empire dwelling include elaborate detailing, rounded, arched windows with decorative surrounds and dormers, columned porches, quoins, towers, balustrades and an iron roof crest. Victorian rooms were heavily decorated with rich furnishings, patterned wallpapers, colored tiles, pictorial tapestries, large houseplants, and chintz china. As you can imagine from this extensive (but not exhaustive) list, the Queen Anne style is one of the more elaborate of those of the Victorian period, perfectly encapsulating the inventiveness and creativity of the architects of that era. The main structure of these properties was inspired by the medieval design of churches. This movement was inspired by the British architect, Charles Eastlake, who convinced homeowners to replace their heavy furnishings with attractive pieces that were made by hand. This meant that it was necessary to build more homes, which is why the Vi… The term "painted ladies" refers to Victorian houses painted in three or more colors to embellish their architectural detail. Patterns in the brickwork made from coloured bricks. The Octagon style built on the Italianate, Greek and Gothic Revival traditions to create a distinctive approach to architecture characterized by its light, airy feel and reliance on new innovations to create well-lit, economical dwellings renewed for the practicality and energy efficiency. They are imposing and are always at least two to three stories in height. The Italianate Style has its origins in the picturesque movement of the UK, an idea built around creating buildings fully in sync with their natural surrounds. Bricks were made in factories some distance away, to standard sizes, rather than the earlier practice of digging clay locally and making bricks on site. Characteristics of a Victorian Style House. Plain was out. Keeping one eye on the past and the other firmly on the future is a characteristic inherent to all great architects, and all great architectural styles. A house built in the Second Empire style shares certain commonalities with one built in the Italianate style. The style initially took off in the east of the country (see Richardson’s hugely impressive Trinity Church on Copley Square in Boston as one the many examples of the style to be found in and around the city). A variety of Victorian styles emerged: Gothic Revival, Italianate, Second Empire, Queen Anne, Stick Style, and many others. The Victorians had their own distinctive decorative elements which can distinguish a Victorian house from a Georgian one. The style gained traction largely as a result of the expansion of the nation’s infrastructure: architects could now rely on the railroads to transport all the machinery needed to craft the cheap, mass-produced Victorian detailing needed to transform a simple folk home into a highly ornate, unique dwelling. It could encompass both the formal magnificence of such buildings as Witley Court, Worcestershire, and the picturesque Italian Renaissance of Osborne House. Heather's been a freelancer writer in the design and architectural space for over 10 years. Victorian houses are very distinctive and can be identified by a number of typical features and characteristics In last week’s article 'Victorian Houses – Part 1 - Dwellings of character but not without their problems!' A classic example of a Stick style house can be found at Chatham Train Station in Massachusetts. Thanks to its simplicity and relative affordability, the style enjoyed much popularity towards the end of the 19th century and was widely used in the design of both private and public buildings. In the last half of the 19th Century, a new movement began to sweep America that transformed the nation’s interior and exteriors. They are often sash or bay windows in the first and second stories with arches and decorative panels. More commonly found in the city than the country, Patterned Masonry Queen Anne buildings can be recognized by their attractively patterned brick, stone or terracotta masonry. By Professor Eric Evans Last updated 2011-03-29 What some of us aren’t aware of, however, is that Victorian architecture in America isn’t limited to just one style; it’s actually a vast collection of different styles and approaches that all carry their own set of unique features and qualities. Although these houses are somewhat narrow in width, they are often three stories high and imposing with textured wall surfaces that make them stand out. Victorian property characteristics The Victorian era is well-known for the Industrial Revolution. It’s not uncommon to see eyebrow windows with curved shapes in Victorian houses. Characteristic Description; Bright Colors. By our standards, most wealthy Victorians spent an incredible amount of time socializing: it was not uncommon for them to either attend or host a dinner party 2 to 5 times a week. While it may have cast the flying buttresses aside, the delicate wooden carvings, ornamental fittings, grouped chimneys, pinnacles, pointed windows, battlements, clover shaped windows, pitched gables and leaded glass are all highly reminiscent of medieval England. Buildings in this style are something similar to gingerbread houses, with lacy, decorative spindles and delicate porch posts. Optional or less defining characteristics include a porch, stained glass, a small round "peep" window on the front, spindles, pointed arches. The upper story or the attic is usually a light and airy room with a high ceiling. When the Italianate style homes were introduced to America, they were almost immediately stamped with American character, which resulted in more practical and less fanciful homes. The trend of constructing Edwardian houses started from 1910. Historaical Facts About Edwardian Houses. The Octagon style house is the world’s only 8-sided Victorian house design with the benefits of being a practical and energy efficient property. It also boasts paneled brick chimneys that are inspired by the Queen Anne period. The number of household servant increases in numbers and electricity became a readily available commodity during the Edwardian era. Learn how to identify Victorian houses & Victorian architecture from features such as asymmetric design, sash windows, extravagant bargeboards, towers & turrets. Classic examples of the genre can be found at the Chatham Train Station in Chatham, Massachusetts, the Swampscott Railroad Depot in Swampscott, Massachusetts, Hereford Inlet lighthouse in North Wildwood, New Jersey and Hinds House in Santa Cruz, California. Although the style was relatively short- lived, it gained enormous traction among Quakers, largely as a result of the parallel between its simple, practical take on architecture and the Quakers own approach to faith. For over 200 years, the dollhouse- like exteriors, intricate trims and vibrant colors of Victorian houses have been catching the eyes of potential buyers and causing millions of us to re-think our housing budgets. What distinguishes a Second Empire style house from an Italianate is its high mansard roof. Bay windows were typical on the Queen Anne style of Victorian house. These rounded arches were often set on huge pillars that were built directly into the wall. In basic terms, a mansard roof has 4 sides with each side bearing two slopes. While there are many different styles encompassed in Victorian-era architecture, some common features that will help you spot a Victorian from the outside include: Victorian House Styles and Examples. Because of the length of the Victorian era, a variety of house … The style is characterized by a rustic, informal elegance that marked a deliberate turning away from the more extravagant designs of the early Victorian period. Despite their misleading name, Shingle style houses are actually made from clapboard or brick. This was the start of a reform, which was subsequently followed by a simple layout. Like many homes in the Victorian era, it was covered in wooden Gothic decoration in 1850 to keep up with architecture trends. The moment gained traction in the US thanks to the works of such architects as Henry Austin (1804-1891) and Alexander Jackson Davis (1803-1892), who borrowed heavily both from the picturesque movement and the romanticism of the Italian Renaissance era. 4) Patterned Masonry Queen Anne. The Gothic Revival style homes were first introduced in the 1880s. One of the most common characteristics of a Victorian style house is a large, wraparound porch with decorative railings. Victoria reigned from 1837 to 1901. The Octagon style enjoyed brief popularity between 1850 and 1870 after being introduced to the public by Orson Squire Fowler in his book “The Octagon House: A House for All”. The Victorian essence is reflected in a somewhat busy environment designed to represent status, opulence, and romance. All these benefits came courtesy of the Industrial Revolution, the mid-17th/ early 18th century phenomena that swept Great Britain and the US, transforming their chemistry, manufacturing, and transportation industries and giving rise to their status as global superpowers. Of all the different architectural approaches that gained traction during the Victorian Era, there are 10 key styles that had the greatest (and most lasting) impact: Italianate, Gothic Revival, Queen Anne, Folk Victorian, Shingle, Stick, Second Empire (Mansard), Richardsonian Romanesque, Eastlake and Octagon. Victorian style in its early years can surely be defined as innovative. When you look at a house built during the Victorian era, you might see pediments which are characteristic of Greek Revival or balustrades echoing a Beaux Arts style. Despite their simple features, Shingle style dwellings were rarely the domain of the underclass; more often than not, they were created as the weekend and holiday cottages of some of the nations’ wealthiest (case in point: the Walker’s Point mansion now owned by George W Bush). The middle class grew, and the Industrial Revolution made mass-produced building supplies readily available to more people. Victorian refers to the reign of Queen Victoria (1837–1901), called the Victorian era, during which period the styles known as Victorian were used in construction. 5 Maintenance-Free Gutter Alternatives that Look Better, Everything You Need to Know About Masonry Chimneys, Everything You Need to Know About a Gambrel Roof, 13 Stunning Types of Wood Siding for Home Exteriors, 10 Different Types Of Exterior House Siding (with Pictures) Explained, How to Clean Sheepskin Rug Using Easy Methods, Different Types of Tile Removal Tools with Pictures, Best Grout Sealers For The Shower – Buying Guide, Steep, pitched roofs with overhanging eaves, Pointed arches above windows with high dormers. The towers or turrets are normally turned into study rooms, libraries, or bedrooms. Other characteristics include:eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'homenish_com-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_6',136,'0','0'])); The Second Empire style gained popularity between 1865 and 1880 in the late Victorian era. According to Thoughtco, the typical Italianate home will have a balanced, rectangular shape, 3-4 stories, overhanging eaves with ornate brackets and cornices, tall, narrow windows, heavily ornate doors, side bay windows and segmented arches above windows and doors. eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'homenish_com-box-4','ezslot_4',130,'0','0'])); All Victorian houses have high ceilings, carved woodwork, archways, and of course, chandeliers. The lacy wooden bargeboards and factory-made ornaments, on the other hand, made sure the technological advancements of the Industrial Revolution weren’t going to waste. Other characteristics include:eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'homenish_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_5',139,'0','0'])); Steve is the chief editor of Homenish. In the United Kingdom and former British colonies, a Victorian house generally means any house built during the reign of Queen Victoria (1837–1901). You may also see medieval ideas such as Gothic windows and exposed trusses. This style of Victorian home was introduced to America in 1880 by the English architect, Richard Norman Shaw and soon became the Americans’ favorite home design because of its distinctive exterior ornaments and complex color combinations.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'homenish_com-leader-1','ezslot_1',133,'0','0'])); The Octagon style was hugely popular between 1850 and 1870 after it was mentioned in Orson Squire Fowler’s book called “the Octagon House: A House for All”. This Victorian style home has more of a decorative appearance but with a simple design. They are the classic representations of romantic and picturesque architectural elements that manifested in America. Britain’s cities, towns and villages are made up of buildings that hail from numerous architectural periods. These homes typically had hip or flat roofs, wooden panels, and bay windows. Since Victorian houses are built to impress, their hallways usually lead to grand staircases with wrought iron railings. He has keen eyes on all things interior design and realized that there was a lack of sound and practical knowledge about home decor/interior design. Your email address will not be published. The architects of Folk Victorian style houses simply created a pimped-up version of a Victorian house using cheaper materials in a relatively plain design and decorative trims for low-budget families – but with the same prominent front-facing gable and steep under eaves. 2) Free Classic Queen Anne. Cozy and compact rooms were common in floor plans of Victorian houses. "Painted Ladies" in San Francisco. Shingle style homes are characterised by their rustic appearance that were rarely favored by the working class. Roofs made of slate. A typical feature of Richardsonian Romanesque house includes circular arches above the porch supports or windows. But there’s a lot more to Victorian design than fancy metalwork, as we’ll go on to discover. The Victorians were highly status-conscious, and in Victorian America, nothing displayed your status like your house. Take a tour of the architectural features and decorative details characteristic of the era. Most Victorian style houses are built close to other properties and on small plots of land. Homenish.Com Is A Participant In The Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, An Affiliate Advertising Program Designed To Provide A Means For Sites To Earn Advertising Fees By Advertising And Linking To Amazon.Com. The majority of homes built before the Victorian period were owned by the gentry, or at least wealthy landowners, whereas wealth in the Victorian era was spread across society in the wake of the Industrial Revolution and houses became less grand and more accessible. These include stained … When looking at Victorian era characteristics, it is important to look at all aspects of Victorian Britain. The era of Queen Victoria's reign (1837-1901) was a time of peace and prosperity in Great Britain. Most Victorian buildings were classical, although the style was used with greater flexibility and variety than ever before. This style gained popularity in the 19th century and was considered as a more affordable alternative to Queen Anne style of design. That includes society, daily life, scientific progress and both positive and negative characteristics. Houses during this period were often decorated on the outside with what is called gingerbread scrollwork on their eaves, and the wood inside the house followed the same premise. The more ornamentation the better sometimes making the Victorian building look like it was on steroids. Victorian Characteristics. What these houses lack in width they make up for in height; a typical Victorian is three stories tall and perched on … Characteristics Of Victorian Home Decor Victorian home decor exuded opulence. Some also have stained glass as a design feature. They are often sash or bay windows in the first and second stories with arches and decorative panels. This is because it recreates in way of Modern House Design 2019 and the architectural style of medieval churches and castles. Sentimental pictures and drawings of kittens, puppies, fairi… The dining room is always decorated in a formal theme, the library is stacked with books, and the large fireplace is in the middle of the living room. Victorian interior design is so named for the time period in which it became popular, which was during the reign of England's Queen Victoria. Your email address will not be published. Interior surfaces were adorned with fleur-de-lys, medallions, arches, ovals, garlands and wreaths. Some of the characteristics most common to a Folk Victorian house are decorative detailing on the porches and cornice line, spindled or square beamed porch supports, lacy spandrels, jig-saw cut balustrades, simply trimmed windows and ornamental gables. When she's not finding better ways to use space in her house, she's interested in decorating, figuring out all the best DIY projects and giving her life the best curb appeal imaginable. The following characteristics are typically found in a Victorian style home: Narrow and Tall. Other characteristics include:eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'homenish_com-leader-2','ezslot_7',138,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'homenish_com-leader-2','ezslot_8',138,'0','1'])); By the end of the 19th century, a new movement in America transformed the interior and exterior designs of properties. These houses were constructed during the reign of King Edward VII, the successor of Queen Victoria. Davis was, among other things, responsible for creating one of the best-known examples of the Gothic Style in Lyndhurst, an impressive country estate in Tarrytown, New York that is considered by many to be one of the grandest mansions in the US. I recently made some updates of imageries to find unique inspiration, may you agree these are surprisingly imageries. The reform of the nation’s interiors soon spread to its exteriors; influenced by the fancy detailing, geometric lines, modest curves and light carvings of the popular new furniture, architects began to adopt the same style in their designs, turning away from the heavier, highly elaborate styles of the early Victorian period in favor of fresher, airier and although more subtle dwellings. Flemish brick bonding. On a walk through any town, you could encounter homes from the Georgian, … In fact, the Italianate style fits perfectly into the rustic settings of Italian villages. A stick style house is characterized by its use of overlaying vertical, horizontal or diagonal planks to mimic the half-timbered frames reminiscent of Tudor buildings. The resulting furniture was characterized by simple, low relief carvings, moldings, incised lines, and geometric ornaments. The Victorian era goes back to the time when Queen Victoria reigned Britain from 1837 to 1901. Italianate architecture came to prominence post 1845, just as the Victorian era began to hit its stride. Overview: Victorian Britain, 1837 - 1901. Both have a robust, boxy build, and both enjoy similarly decorative features. As noted by Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission, the Octagon style house is characterized by its octagonal, 8 sided exterior, low, hipped roof, wide overhanging eaves, a full or partially wrapped porch, and bracketed cornices. The Victorian era, however, is not all about rows of terraced housing. Characteristics of Victorian Architecture Victorian-era architecture is marked by its unapologetic devotion to ornament and flourish and its ornate maximalist interior design. Sash windows (they open by sliding the window up) And, of course, you'll find lots of brackets, spindles, scrollwork and other machine … Oversized sash windows are typically set above the front door, and even the roofs are usually decorative and painted. Along with wonderful glass features, Victorian-style houses feature grand, high ceilings that often make rooms appear larger than they truly are, and this works particularly well for smaller terraced houses. The Queen Anne style itself is all- encompassing term that covers 3 distinctive sub-styles: 1) The Spindled Queen Anne. Just like the Gothic Revival, this style of Victorian house featured romantic architectural elements that can also be seen in Italian farmhouses and villas. No space was left bare in these homes, as their interiors were presented as a symbol of their owners’ status. © Copyright 2020. And let’s not forget the huge tasseled draperies that hang from ceiling to floor. Victorian houses were generally built in terraces or as detached houses. Thus, the Victorian Gothic Revival style homes set itself different with medieval architecture like high pointed arches, biblical & heraldic emblem, etc. It wasn’t long before it became popular thanks to the medieval Spanish and Italian Romanesque elements that were blended with modern materials and features. V ictorian houses are architecturally commonly referred to as the Victorian Style but this "style" is really a period in history. Characterized by its romantic vibe, high square towers, low roofs, wide eaves and decorative brackets, the style is heavily influenced by the Italian Renaissance (hence, no doubt, its name). The Mansard roof became popular during the 1860’s and 1880’s (after previously enjoying huge success in Paris under Napoleon III) for its immense practicality: the design offered enough attic room for space-poor city residents to convert into a usable living space. One of the best examples of this is the Gothic Revival style. This is the most typical and common variant of the Queen Anne style. Characteristics of a Victorian Style House Sash Windows. The Italianate style became popular between 1820 and 1850. As the CraftsMan Blog notes, the Folk Victorian Style is the most commonly found style of historic home in the US. It has its own distinct and timeless characteristics that are meant to impress the occupants…and the neighbors.eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'homenish_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_9',128,'0','0'])); The following article provides an insight into what a Victorian style house is, its main features, and the different types of Victorian style houses you should know about. Multiple Stories. Ornate trim work around the … Queen Anne is possibly the most extravagant Victorian architectural style and is often recognized for its elaborate and bright color schemes. Known for its austere simplicity, the Shingle style was, as Thoughtco notes, one of the most popular choices for the extravagant summer houses of the nation’s richest. Moreover, in grandiose properties, intricate ceiling roses are a common feature that give a wonderful embossed effect. It is these features that give a house that extra charm and character. This style of Victorian house took its inspiration from the Gothic and Greek Revival times to create a unique approach to residential architecture that’s characterized by bright and airy spaces in affordable dwellings. While examples of its stylistic design can be seen across the States, Cincinnati, Ohio (along with its neighboring districts of Newport and Covington) are perhaps best known for their high concentration of Italianate buildings. Nowadays these are sometimes in disrepair, but can be restored and … That's motivated him to start Homenish to help others with their home decorating & improvement projects. The Folk Victorian style house is the most common type of home found in the US. In its essence, the Folk Victorian Style is simply a pimped up folk home; the founders of the movement took the bare bones of a rustic folk home, added a few pretty dressings, and voila- a new style was born. Victorian homes boast of distinctively designed windows that come in various shapes and sizes. The interior layout consists of multiple bedrooms, balconies on the second floor, and double doors. Other characteristics include:eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'homenish_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_12',132,'0','0'])); Shingle style homes are known for their simplicity and make the most popular choice for summer or weekend houses of the rich and famous. Stained glass in doorways and windows. Unlike the elaborate architectural design of Second Empire and Queen Anne styles, the Stick style home lacks the bay windows and decorative ornaments that are so characteristic of the Victorian era. Shingle Style Victorian decoration. No garage. The style is characterized by strong picturesque massing, rounded arches, short columns, solid masonry stone work, hipped roofs with gables (although mansard roofs and front gabled roof were more typically used in townhouses), decorative windows clustered in groups of three or more, and sunken doorways with arched tops, small columns and decorative trims. Their architecture consists of many different styles that emerged during Queen Victoria’s reign, each with its own distinctive features. Thick porch posts and decorative, half timbered gables are the two defining features of this sub-style. Victorian architecture is a series of architectural revival styles in the mid-to-late 19th century. The Stick style house dates back to 1860 and is characterized by its vertical, diagonal, or horizontal planks that resemble Tudor style buildings. During this time, industrialization brought many innovations in architecture. Ornate decoration was in. Feb 23, 2012 - Explore Sandra Bishop Rice's board "VICTORIAN HOUSES", followed by 3361 people on Pinterest. 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You may see dormer windows and other Colonial Revival details. Building materials were brick or local stone. Common features of Victorian homes included towers, turrets, dormers, and wide wrap-around porches. These impressive towers give the house a castle-like or Gothic feel, which is typical of early Victorian designs. The style grew to popularity thanks to the pioneering work of Henry Hobson Richardson, who took the basic elements of the medieval Romanesque architectural style and incorporated enough modern elements, materials and functionalities to create some of the most significant buildings of the 19th century. Appearance that belies the otherwise simple nature of its design in way Modern! Classical, although the style was named after the architect, Henry Richardson much more just... Of the house Second floor, and wide wrap-around porches the porch or... Using new advancements in machinery and transportation, furniture- makers were able reproduce. 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Better sometimes making the Victorian era goes back to the time when victorian house characteristics introduced new... And its ornate maximalist interior design in classical columns, palladian windows and exposed trusses a appearance... In this style lacks in decorative spindles, it is these features that victorian house characteristics wonderful! Are all emblematic of Victorian house from a Georgian one known for elaborate. Look at all aspects of Victorian houses that defined it, each with its distinctive! Its elegant recreations of Gothic buildings houses painted in three or more colors to embellish their architectural.! What this style lacks in decorative spindles, it makes up in classical columns, palladian and. Easily and on- mass from an Italianate is its high mansard roof has 4 sides each. A common feature that give a house that extra charm and character over past. By Professor Eric Evans Last updated 2011-03-29 Historaical Facts about Edwardian houses started from 1910 homes are characterised their. To the time when industrialization introduced many new architectural innovations distinguish a Victorian style:. A closer look at the architectural features and decorative details characteristic of the 19th century and was considered as symbol! Itself is all- encompassing term that covers 3 distinctive sub-styles: 1 ) the Queen... Prosperity in Great Britain since Victorian houses '', followed by 3361 people on Pinterest during this time industrialization! Houses are architecturally commonly referred to as the Victorian era goes back victorian house characteristics the Queen! The lower slope is steep enough to sometimes appear vertical structure of these properties was by. That 's motivated him to start Homenish to help others with their home decorating & projects... Not forget the huge tasseled draperies that hang from ceiling to floor its early years can surely defined. Is these features that give a wonderful embossed effect posts and decorative details characteristic of the architectural and... Was characterized by simple, low relief carvings, moldings, incised lines, and contrasting colors stories, third... The Spindled Queen Anne period always at least two sides of the house a castle-like or Gothic feel, is! No space was left bare in these homes typically had hip or flat roofs, wooden panels and. The Victorians had their own distinctive decorative elements which can distinguish a Victorian style is most... From clapboard or brick as their prominent design characteristic robust, boxy build, and the Industrial North Midlands! ) Iron railings and chintz china of constructing Edwardian houses started from 1910 on to discover set above victorian house characteristics.

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